Welcome to the letter K post in the #AtoZChallenge on mental health. I have only one word for you that is truly related to long-termmental health care and a few that are only perceived to be related. Here goes.
There is a joke that the differences between the patients and staff on a mental unit are, among others, that the patients get better and leave and that the staff have the keys. There are of course the locked units, where the staff have the keys to open the door of the ward. Even on open units, some rooms and cupboards are locked. This goes of course for the medicine room and cupboard, but also on some units the kitchen cupboards are locked so that patients can’t get food outside of meal times. My side of the unit is the only one where kitchen cupboards are open during the day. I was very surprised to find out that, not only are the cupboards locked on the other side of our unit, but on other units, the entire kitchen gets locked sometimes. This means people can’t even have tea when they want to.
Like I said before, some people get to the mental hospital on a forensic section. I don’t honestly know of most patients with a forensic status what crime they were convicted of. As such, it is totally prejudiced to assume some are killers – except that some people within the general population are killers too. People with psychotic disorders, which are the most common type of disorders in long-term mental health, don’t tend to kill random people even if they are violent. For clarity’s sake: most people with mental illness are not violent and the evidence is mixed on whether people with mental illnesses are more likely to become killers than those who don’t have a diagnosis. Some mental disorders do predispose people to criminal behavior, such as psychopathy or its milder variant antisocial personality disorder. Other disorders do not.
It is a common belief that theft is particularly common in institutions, both mental and otherwise. I don’t know whether this is true. I for one have *knock on wood* not had anything stolen from me.
Kleptomania though is a compulsion to steal. It is not the same as someone stealing believing (delusionally) that an item is theirs or wanting the money to buy drugs or anything. Kleptomania is about stealing for stealth’s sake. Kleptomaniacs may even steal worthless items. Kleptomania does not usually lead peope to become institution patients. After all, theft is not serious enough a crime to get someone on a forensic section. Kleptomania is an impulse control disorder. Other such disorders, such as pyromania and intermittent explosive disorder, do potentially lead to serious enough crimes.