Welcome to the letter I post of my #AtoZChallenge on mental health. This was a hard letter again, but I stil have a few words for you. Here goes.
Antipsychotics can be taken by mouth, but many can also be injected in a patient’s muscle. That way, they need to be administered only once every week or two rather than taken daily, because in a muscle, they’re absorbed slowly and steadily. Intramuscular injections, also caled “depot medication”, are often used on patients who refuse oral medication.
Like I said in my letter D post when discussing danger, patients who are a danger to themselves or others can be committed to a psychiatric hopsital involuntarily. In the Netherlands, there are several ways a patient can be committed involuntarily. In acute situations when a patient is a grave danger to themselves or others, they can be taken into care with the mayor’s approva. Usually, this takes the form of a simple phone call by a psychiatrist to the mayor (or their substitute), who will almost automatically give the go-ahead. A judge will see the patient committed this way within a few days and approve or deny the involuntary commitment. An acute section lasts three weeks and can be prolonged with another three weeks once.
If a situation is less of an acute problem or after at most six weeks on an acute section, a patient can be brought to a judge for a longer section. A patient does not need to be an immediate and grave danger to themselves or others; merely being a danger suffices.
There are two newer forms of commitment too. First, there’s the observation section, which lasts three weeks and is meant for people who haven’t yet been diagnosed with a mental illness and aren’t a grave, acute danger either. A patient on an observation section can’t be subjected to force. A patient who realizes they might become a danger at some point, can file for self-commitment, indicating they will be admitted to a hospital and treated if certain criteria have been met, whether they want to at this time or not.
A patient can’t at this point be forced into outpatient treatment unless through a provesional section, threatening involuntary inpatient treatment if they don’t comply with their treatment plan while in the community. The government is trying to change the law so that patients can in fact be forced into any form of mental health treatment.